INDIA bloc, NDA less cohesive in second phase of Lok Sabha elections (2024)

How cohesive are the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led NDA and and the Congress-led INDIA in the second phase of national elections that will be held on Friday? An analysis of first-phase candidates published in these pages on April 19 showed that while the NDA alliance was perfectly seamless in the 102 PCs voting that day, INDIA allies were pitted against each other in 12 PCs. A similar analysis for the 88 PCs voting today shows that while cohesion in the NDA is not 100% in these PCs, for INDIA it is far worse than in the first phase. Follow full coverage of the Lok Sabha elections here.

INDIA bloc, NDA less cohesive in second phase of Lok Sabha elections (1)

To be sure, the cohesion in the NDA in today’s PCs is not perfect because of two out of 88 PCs -- Kishanganj in Bihar and Tikamgarh in Madhya Pradesh – according to candidate affidavits uploaded by the Election Commission of India (ECI) on its website. In both PCs, the Rashtriya Samaj Paksha (RSPS), primarily a Maharashtra-based party, and officially part of the NDA still, has fielded candidates against the main NDA contestant in the seat: the Janata Dal (United) or JD(U) in Kishanganj and the BJP in Tikamgarh. The Congress won the Kishanganj PC in 2019 (the only one it did in Bihar) and the BJP won the Tikamgarh PC. The RSPS may not pose a big threat , as it has never won a PC in the four Lok Sabha elections it has contested from 2004 onwards. Its best performance was in 2014 when it finished second in one of the five PCs it contested.

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INDIA bloc, NDA less cohesive in second phase of Lok Sabha elections (2)

Overall, the BJP is the biggest contestant in the NDA in the 88 PCs voting on Friday. It is contesting 70 of these PCs. The second and third biggest contestants in the NDA are the JD(U) and the Bharath Dharma Jana Sena (BDJS). They are contesting five and four PCs respectively. The JD(U) is contesting all the five PCs in Bihar voting on Friday, and the BDJS is contesting in Kerala.

The poor cohesion in the INDIA bloc in the PCs voting on Friday is partly because of Kerala and West Bengal, where the Congress was unable to strike a seat-sharing deal with the Left parties and the All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) respectively. All 20 PCs of Kerala are voting today, where the Congress and its local allies that are part of the United Democratic Front, are not sharing any seat with the Left Democratic Front parties. Similarly, INDIA members will be fighting each other in all three West Bengal PCs voting today. It can be argued that the INDIA bloc was never going to be able to field common candidates in Kerala given the political history of the state. And that, it was clear very early on that the alliance would not work in West Bengal too.

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However, apart from the 23 PCs in these two states, there are 17 other PCs where INDIA bloc members are pitted against each other on Friday. This means that overall 40 of the 88 PCs (45%) will see INDIA members contesting each other. In all, there are 129 INDIA candidates for the 88 PCs.

To be sure, the lack of cohesiveness in the INDIA alliance may not hurt it in all 40 PCs where multiple members of the alliance are contesting. For example, all PCs of Kerala were won by parties that are now INDIA members in 2019. However, outside Kerala, the lack of cohesiveness might hurt the alliance. In 2019, the NDA won 16 of the 20 PCs outside Kerala where multiple INDIA members are contesting, including the three in West Bengal where the Congress is in conflict with the TMC.

Of the 17 PCs outside Kerala and West Bengal where more than one INDIA member is contesting, six are in Rajasthan, four in Maharashtra, three in Karnataka, and one each in Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir. In Rajasthan, such intra-alliance contests are between the Bharat Adivasi Party (BAP) and the Congress. In Maharashtra, the All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) is up against the Congress and the Nationalist Congress Party-Sharadchandra Pawar (NCP-SP) in two seats; and the Communist Party of India (CPI) and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) against the Shiv Sena (Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray) in two seats. In Karnataka, the Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi (VCK), primarily a Tamil Nadu party, is in contest with the Congress in two PCs; and the CPI(M) and Congress in one PC in Kerala. In Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir, the TMC, the BAP, and the AIFB are in contest with the Congress. In Bihar, the AIFB is up against the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD).

News / India News / INDIA bloc, NDA less cohesive in second phase of Lok Sabha elections

INDIA bloc, NDA less cohesive in second phase of Lok Sabha elections (2024)

FAQs

How many states have the NDA government in India? ›

It was founded in 1998 and currently controls the government of India as well as the government of 17 Indian states and one Union territory.

What is the BJP government in India? ›

Since 2014, it has been the ruling political party in India under the incumbent Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The BJP is aligned with right-wing politics and has close ideological and organisational links to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) volunteer paramilitary organisation.

What is the full form of NDA India Party? ›

The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a centre-right to right-wing conservative Indian national Parliamentary group with great influence in the country of India.

How many parties are there in India? ›

As per latest publications dated 23 March 2024 from Election Commission of India, and subsequent notifications, there are 8 national parties, 57 state parties, and 2,764 unrecognised parties. All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC.

How many times has the BJP won in India? ›

Lok Sabha
YearLegislatureSeats won
199913th Lok Sabha182 / 545
200414th Lok Sabha138 / 543
200915th Lok Sabha116 / 543
201416th Lok Sabha282 / 543
6 more rows

Who is the head of BJP in India? ›

List of presidents of the Bharatiya Janata Party
President of the Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party
Incumbent Jagat Prakash Nadda since 20 January 2020
TypePolitical Party Office
Residence6-A, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, New Delhi-110001
6 more rows

How many states does Congress rule in India? ›

As of 3 December 2023, INC is in power in the three states of Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka and Telangana. In Tamil Nadu and Jharkhand it shares power with alliance partners Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha respectively.

Who runs the government in India? ›

India is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary form of government which is federal in structure with unitary features. There is a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minster as its head to advice the President who is the constitutional head of the country.

What is the India bloc alliance? ›

The Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance (I.N.D.I.A) is a big tent multi party political alliance of several political parties in India led by India's largest opposition party the Indian National Congress.

What is NDA rule in India? ›

The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is an Indian political alliance. It made up of center-right and right-wing political parties and led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It was founded in 1998. It currently controls the Indian union government as well as the government of 18 Indian states.

Who is the NDA officer of India? ›

Commandant - The National Defence Academy

Vice Admiral Ajay Kochhar, AVSM, NM assumed the appointment of Commandant, National Defence Academy on 01 Apr 2022 from Air Marshal Sanjeev Kapoor, AVSM, VM.

Who named India? ›

India got its name from the river Sindh. India got its name from the red Indian tribe. India was the name given by Christopher Columbus. India was the name given by the British Empire.

What is India's full name? ›

India
Republic of India Bhārat Gaṇarājya
DST is not observed.
Date formatdd - mm - yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+91
46 more rows

How old is India? ›

Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus River alluvium approximately 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE.

How many branches of NDA are there in India? ›

National Defence Academy has three branches namely Airforce Academy, Army Academy and Naval Academy. NDA has a special selection process that helps in the recruitment of deserving candidates.

Which states have BJP government in India? ›

State Legislative Assemblies
S.No.State / Union TerritoryGovernment
6DelhiAAP
7GoaBJP
8GujaratBJP
9HaryanaBJP+HLP
27 more rows

Which state gives most NDA officers? ›

Uttar Pradesh in India contributes the highest number of officers and soldiers to the Indian Army.

How many NDA academies are there in India? ›

There is only one “NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY” in India. It was formed on 7 December 1954, it is the first tri-services academy in the world.

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